Foreign companies can sell their products in Iranian markets in several ways: One method stipulates that foreign companies may sell their products directly in the Iranian market if they have a local company in Iran serving as their agent. The local company can take the form of either an Iranian limited liability company or an Iranian private joint stock company. The second method stipulates that if they lack a local agent the foreign company must establish a branch in Iran. This must be done in accordance with and in observance of all current laws and regulations in Iran.
When the registration of the products subject to importation into Iran has been completed, products of foreign origin are given the green light to be imported to Iran. In absence of registration the imported goods will be given a label of “smuggled goods” and thus make them prohibited goods that cannot be sold in Iran. The goods that are to be imported to Iran are first examined by the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade in order to evaluate which category the goods fall into. In order to be able to import goods into Iran, the following documents are needed:
When the registration of the products is completed the next step to be taken is the opening of a Letter of Credit (LC). When this step has been satisfied the courier will send the products to Iran where they will be held in customs ready for inspection and they will also be subjected to customs clearance.
Documents and Necessary Permits in Customs Clearance
The customs administration in Iran works under the supervision of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance. The customs administration is assigned with the task of supervising and controlling the goods and commodities that enter and exit Iran. When imported goods enter Iran there are certain documents that must be provided before they can be cleared from customs they are as follow:
If signs of prohibited goods are detected the goods will be reexamined by the customs office and if found, these goods will not enter Iran and instead will be sent back. The process of customs clearance is ultimately left in the hands of the authorized clearance agents and they are the ones making the final decisions.
The exporter must go through the following steps to send goods:
The commercial card is the most important license required for export and import business in Iran. This card is issued by Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Mines
Steps for getting a Commercial card
There are certain steps that must be satisfied before being able to obtain a commercial card. In order to be able to engage in the business of exportation and importation it must be proven that the person is a merchant. Registration in commercial books at the Companies Registration Bureau helps proves whether the person is a merchant or not. When this has been proven the next step is to obtain and submit the application for registration to the Iran Chamber of commerce, industry. Upon application of the card the applicant will have to make a choice of the types of goods it wants to import to Iran. This is due to the fact that, if the cardholder is issued a card it does not mean that they are authorized to import all categories of goods to Iran. Based on the HSB codes that are available the goods must be chosen. It is therefore advised that the card applicant looks to the objectives of the company and chose the goods paramount to that company.
Bayan Emrooz Law Firm renders services to foreign and Iranian natural and legal entities in the field of Import and Export, including consulting, for stating import or export commodities. Having an experienced and specialized legal staff, Bayan Emrooz is ready to provide the needed legal services with respect to Import and Export, and etc. in Iran.
Bayan Emrooz Law Firm was founded in 2008 under the registration No. 23211 in Tehran, and renders legal consultation and attorneyship services to foreign or domestic legal and natural persons. Our approach and main purpose is to expand the culture of utilizing legal consultation in civil and commercial matters in order to prevent high personal or social costs spent on resolution of disputes before judicial and non judicial authorities.